What is Cardiology?
The department providing services in all fields related to cardiovascular diseases is known as Cardiology and the doctors who are experts in this field are known as Cardiologists. These specialists seek help for patients having a heart attack, heart rhythm disorders, heart failure disease or high blood pressure. According to the stage and stages of the diseases, methods such as angio are applied in case of no response in the Cardiology department, where drug treatment is performed first.
What are Cardiology Diseases?
You should discuss the problems and problems experienced in the work of the heart, which is responsible for pumping enough blood to the body, with the Cardiology department. In this way, technological methods and devices that will enable diagnosis are utilized.
The most common disorders in the cardiology department are as follows:
- Coronary Artery Diseases,
- Heart failure,
- Valve diseases,
- Aortic disease,
- Rhythm disorders,
- Peripheral Vascular problems.
What Symptoms Are Observed in Cardiology Patients?
There are some important and common symptoms in people with the diseases mentioned above. Among the most common symptoms experienced by cardiology patients;
- Palpitation of the heart,
- Sudden and involuntary weight loss
- Severe pain in the chest area,
- Numbness in left arm,
- Back pain,
- Urination at night,
- Difficulty in breathing,
- Vomiting blood,
What Tests Are Done to Cardiology Patients?
There are some tests performed for diagnosis in the cardiology department. The most commonly performed ECG provides information on the functioning of the heart muscle and neurotransmission systems. Another test that gives information about the severity of the disease and is frequently applied to coronary artery patients is the Exercise test. Holter ECG, on the other hand, is the process of recording an ECG for 24 hours. By examining the heart structure, they view heart failure or disorders in the heart valves with ECHO. Apart from these, diagnosis is facilitated by methods such as CTC coronary angiography, Cardiac Catheterization, Myocardial Perfusion Scintigraphy.
Who Include Cardiology Risk Groups?
In the cardiology department, there are some segments that are among the high-risk groups. People with a family history of heart disease or diseases such as diabetes, blood pressure and obesity are included in this group. If you have such a history, it is recommended to be examined every year for cardiovascular diseases starting from the age of 30. People who are not in the risk group should go to the controls regularly every year starting from the age of 40.
What Procedures Are Performed in the Cardiology Department?
Coronary bypass, heart valve surgeries and surgical procedures for aortic vascular diseases are usually the primary surgeries performed in this department.
Coronary Bypass Surgery:
It is the process of intervening three or four veins, depending on the patient’s condition.
Attempts are made with the most modern methods for mitral or aortic valves.
Aortic Vessel Surgical Procedures
Emergency interventions are performed for aneurysms or tears in the aorta.
It is applied for the treatment of varicose veins, which are the most common vascular diseases.
Carotid Vein Surgery
It is applied as a result of narrowing of the carotid artery, which is mostly seen in coronary heart patients.