Diabetes is a metabolic disease. High blood sugar is called diabetes. Diabetes is diagnosed when fasting blood sugar rises above 126 mg/dl or when fasting blood sugar rises above 200 mg/dl. If timely measures are not taken and blood sugar is not controlled, diabetes can cause permanent damage to many organs and tissues such as eyes, kidneys, nerve endings, heart and brain veins and leg veins, with the negative effects of the toxic effects of sugar, especially on the veins.
When hyperglycemia rises above 180 mg/dl, the kidney begins to leak sugar into the urine. Sugar in the urine brings with it salt and water loss. For this reason, the person loses water, becomes very thirsty and feels the desire to drink a lot of water. If this cycle continues over time and continues for a long time, symptoms such as water and weight loss, weakness and fatigue can be seen. However, if hyperglycemia occurs gradually over many years, it may not show any symptoms.
Hypoglycemia, sugar below 50 mg/dl is called hypoglycemia. In mild hypoglycemia, complaints such as hunger, shivering, sweating and palpitations occur, while in severe hypoglycemia, the sugar level drops much below 50 mg/dl, and because the brain cannot find the sugar it needs in the blood, loss of consciousness up to coma may occur due to the lack of sugar in the brain.
What Is Looked For In Diabetes Tests?
- Glucose (Hunger)