One of the important factors for not reducing your quality of life is taking precautions against diseases that threaten eye health by the Ophthalmology department. In this regard, it is recommended that you do the eye examinations on time, which you should not neglect. This section deals with genetic vision problems, damage to the optic nerves, eye infections and laziness, and problems with the lens of the eye, the membrane of the eye and the eyelids.
Which Diseases Does the Ophthalmology Department Treat?
Thanks to the Department of Ophthalmology, you can benefit from the treatment of many diseases such as cornea, vascular layer or nerve cells. Among the eye diseases reviewed by this chapter, the most common types are as follows:
- Eye pressure: In other words, the disease called glaucoma occurs when the tear ducts are blocked.
- Color Blindness: Red, blue, green colors are indistinguishable. This problem occurs when the pigments in the visual center are insufficient.
- Cataract: It is especially seen in diabetic patients and elderly patients.
- Strabismus: It is a problem that occurs especially in childhood.
- Eye Injuries: In accidents, intervention is carried out as a result of the impact of the eye.
- Vision Problems: It examines problems that prevent near, far or clear vision, such as astigmatism, hyperopia or myopia.
What are the procedures performed in the Department of Ophthalmology?
In order not to lose the sense of sight, some processes to protect eye health allow the functions to work properly. There are some prominent procedures in the Ophthalmology Department treatments applied for this purpose. Allergic problems or inflammation complaints are treated with drugs, while eye tumors are treated with Intravitreal Anti-VEGF Therapy.
Laser treatments are among the most preferred applications in vision problems, problems such as cataracts or bleeding. In cases where results are not obtained despite these methods, surgical methods are used. Various operations are performed to remove the tumors pressing on the nerves and it is possible to examine the removed mass in pathological environments. Accordingly, Vitrectomy, Phaco or Orbita operations are performed in various parts of the eye.
What Symptoms Are Important for Early Diagnosis?
Apart from regular eye control, if you experience some symptoms recently, you should be examined without delay. Symptoms that are important for early diagnosis include itching, dryness, sensitivity to light, burning and stinging in the eyes, misting or bloodshot. In addition, people with family history of eye diseases such as glaucoma or retina, diabetes or blood pressure patients and people who have had eye surgery before should be careful about this issue. We emphasize that you should not neglect it in case of sudden blows to your eyes, traumas such as impact or injury. You will need to get information from your specialist about eye diseases that are very common due to age, congenital, infection or genetic factors.
How Often Should One Go to the Ophthalmology Department?
In order to detect congenital diseases such as cataracts or cornea, the first eye examination is performed in 6-month-old babies. This allows for the early diagnosis of many eye problems. Apart from this, even if you do not have any eye problems, you should be examined every 2 years. In case of problems in the examinations that people over 50 years of age should have every year, you should go to the control again on the dates recommended by the eye doctors.