What is Gastroenterology?
In the field of gastroenterology, it is concerned with the treatment of diseases that occur in the stomach, intestines, liver, pancreas or gall bladder starting from the esophagus. After the examinations, you should get support from this department in stages such as examination, diagnosis and treatment. Diagnosis of diseases is facilitated by applying endoscopic methods, which are necessary for imaging these organs of our body. Thanks to the services carried out in cooperation with the gastroenterology surgery branch, biopsy procedures are included in cancer cases. In order to serve in this branch that requires specialization, besides 6 years of medical education, it is necessary to have received 5 years of internal medicine specialization and then 3 years of training on gastrointestinal system diseases.
Which Diseases Does Gastroenterology Treat?
Gastroenterology deals with diseases of the gallbladder, liver, pancreas or many ailments in the stomach and intestines. Diagnosis of common diseases such as reflux, gastritis or ulcer in the stomach is provided. Diseases such as polyps, ulcerative colitis, crohn’s and celiac disease that cause chronic diarrhea or constipation in the intestines are examined. For the treatment of colon diseases, rectum, hepatitis types and tumors of good or bad nature, you should apply to Gastroenterology specialists. It is possible to come across insidiously progressing types in this branch, which has a wide range of diseases. Therefore, some symptoms should not be taken lightly.
Among the symptoms you experience in order to be examined by gastroenterologists:
- Severe pain in the abdomen,
- Constipation or Diarrhea
- Nausea or Vomiting
- Bloating or Gas
- Loss of appetite,
- Inadequate nutrition,
- Sudden weight loss,
- There are problems such as jaundice on the skin.
What are Gastroenterology Diagnostic Methods?
With the endoscopy method;
- for stomach, gastroscopy,
- for the intestine colonoscopy is applied.
Gastroscopy: It is possible to visualize stomach disorders, small and large intestines, esophagus and duodenum, and diagnose disorders. If necessary during this procedure, a biopsy sample is taken for pathological examination. This method is used for diagnosis when you have difficulty in swallowing, stomach complaints, stool irregularity, constipation or diarrhea, excessive weight loss and swallowing difficulties.
Colonoscopy: Another procedure that is used as frequently as gastroscopy is the colonoscopy method used for imaging the large and small intestines. This method is used to diagnose people who have had such problems in their families, if the stool is dark in color, in cases of persistent diarrhea or constipation, in the diagnosis of bowel cancer and in hemorrhoid diseases.
Apart from colonoscopy and gastroscopy methods, different methods are followed for each organ for treatments. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy, gallbladder and pancreas treatments Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, band ligation method in liver disorders and polyps removal with Polypectomy method and appropriate treatment is applied.