Pre-marital blood tests are important in terms of informing the couples about their health and hereditary diseases and are also a legal obligation. The fact that consanguineous marriages are high in Turkey and that 70% of consanguineous marriages are between first degree relatives are important in terms of preventing the birth of new sick individuals with premarital screening tests.
It is also useful in terms of knowing sexually transmitted diseases (STD), which has been a serious threat in recent years, before marriage. Legally Mandatory Tests and Legal Justification According to Article 136 of the Turkish Civil Code, the couples specified in Articles 123 and 124 of the General Health Law No. 1593 are required to have the following tests done, showing that they do not have a disease preventing marriage.
- Blood Group (AB0+Rh determination)
- Whole Blood
- Hemoglobin electrophoresis by HPLC
- Anti HCV
- Anti HIV
- Health report
They will be able to have their blood tests and Lung (PA Lung) Film done in laboratories licensed by the Ministry of Health, and have the test results made into a “Report” by their doctors at their authorized ASM / Family Health Centers, stating that “there is no harm in getting married”. They will also submit this report to the marriage officer.
Now pre-wedding thalassemia (Mediterranean anemia) tests are also requested. If the woman to be married is over 50 years old or after surgical menopause (submission of the surgery report), Mediterranean anemia screening is not required. These analyzes and examinations are legally required before marriage and marriage procedures are completed after examining them.
Blood Group Analysis is performed to detect any blood incompatibility that may occur between parents and children. Blood incompatibility is related to the Rh factor in your blood, not the blood group.
Incompatibility can occur only if the woman is Rh negative and the man is Rh positive.
- Incompatibility may occur if the woman is Rh negative and the man is Rh positive.
- If the woman is Rh positive and the man is Rh negative, there is no incompatibility.
- If the woman is Rh negative and the man is Rh negative, there is no incompatibility.
- If the woman is Rh positive and the man is Rh positive, there is no incompatibility.
Knowing the existence of blood incompatibility prevents unpleasant situations that may arise by taking the necessary precautions before or at the beginning of pregnancy.