What is Thoracic Surgery?
Thoracic Surgery is the department that examines benign or malignant tumors in the lung, swallowing problems and diseases such as esophageal cancer, lung infections and gastroesogafeal reflux, provides diagnosis and develops an appropriate treatment method. This department, which examines diseases caused by damage to the structures surrounding the heart in the middle part of the chest, congenital or acquired chest diseases, diaphragm diseases that allow the separation of the chest and abdominal cavity, has a wide range of surgery.
In case of sudden injuries to the lung and chest wall, surgeries to be performed by the thoracic surgery department will be required. On the other hand, different applications such as removing the objects that have escaped into the trachea are also included. Early diagnosis is extremely important for specialists who follow their patients with Intensive Care Specialists and Respiratory Physiotherapists before and after surgical procedures.
Which Sections Does Thoracic Surgery Look At?
State-of-the-art methods are used for the treatment of diseases in the chest, lungs, trachea and esophagus. Biopsy and imaging devices are used for an accurate diagnosis. Thus, it becomes clear which treatment method and surgical methods will be effective. Accordingly, some of the procedures performed by the Thoracic Surgery department are as follows:
- Surgery for lung diseases,
- Operations in trachea diseases,
- Surgical procedures to reduce the volume of the lung,
- Mediastinal surgery or tracheal stent applications,
- Surgery to solve problems in the esophagus,
- Apart from these, it is the diagnosis and diagnosis of diseases to be experienced.
Thoracic Surgery Diagnosis and Treatment
The thoracic surgery department, which examines the disorders in vital organs, requires the utmost seriousness and importance for the diagnosis and treatment stages for its patients. For this reason, Thoracic Surgeons working in cooperation with other departments benefit from some techniques in the diagnosis and treatment phase. Among these, the bronchoscopy method is the terms used in trachea diseases, medianoscopy in lung cancer, and thoracotomy when the chest cage needs to be opened. Also, removing part of the diseased area is called lobectomy. Removal of tumors in the lung is known as pneumonectomy.
In the treatment methods, some conditions that require surgical intervention are as follows:
- Lung cancer,
- Esophageal Cancer,
- Shoemaker’s Chest,
- Tracheal stenosis or tumors,
- Diagram rise,
- Mediastinal diseases.
How Are Thoracic Surgery Operations Performed?
In the Thoracic Surgery department, operations are performed open or closed. In addition, local anesthesia is given to the patient and the procedures are performed while awake. However, some surgeries can be performed under general anesthesia. Large incisions are not required for most of the discomforts experienced by the patients who will be intervened in this section. Surgery performed endoscopically and completed by opening small incisions are included. Thus, it is possible for the patient to return to his normal life in a shorter time. We can emphasize that specialists who apply these methods in order to experience less pain after the procedure prefer closed surgeries whenever possible.